Viciebsk region

*The names of geographical objects on latin from the Byelorussian form of a spelling

Viciebsk* region. Viciebsk region is situated in the north of Belarus in the middle reaches of the Zachodniaja Dzvina and in the head of the Dniapro. In was formed on the January 15, 1938.

Covers the area of 40 thousand square kilometres. Population numbers 1 307,4 thousand inhabitants.

Regional centre - the City of Viciebsk . Major cities - Orsa, Navapolack, Polack.

The region is the second largest in Belarus by the density of the railroad system. Many highways, such as Moscow- Orsa -Minsk-Warsaw, St. Petersburg -Viciebsk- Orsa -Kiev, Smolensk -Viciebsk-Polack -Riga run through the region. It is an industrial region. All plain-woven fabrics, polyethylene, half of the country's petroleum products and electricity are produced here. Recently Viciebsk Free Economic. Area was created here.

The region is included in the European region Lake District. Viciebsk region is a unique area for its broadest rivers network and the large number of lakes. The deepest in Belarus lake Doúhaje (53,7 m) is situated in Hlybokaje district. The main water arteries are the Zachodniaja Dzvina with the side streams and the Dniapro. More than 2,8 thousand lakes are located in the territory of Viciebsk region. Among the largest are Asviejskaje, Lukomskaje, Drysviaty, Dryviaty, Niescarda, Absterna. The Braslaúskija Aziory National Park and significant part of the Biarezinski biosphere reserve are located in the region. Here were created 26 of wildlife sanctuaries and more than 80 of nature objects are preserved. Climate is moderate continental.

Culture life of the region is very reach. There are two theatres, Philharmonic Hall, Concert Hall. To become acquainted with the history and culture of the region you can visit 27 of its museums, including the regional museum, Polack national museum of culture and history. Different festivals are held in the region. The most famous is Slavonic Bazaar in Viciebsk.

The history and arts of Viciebsk region are reflected in the numerous archaeological records, masterpieces of wooden and stone architectural monuments.

PLACES OF INTEREST

Viciebsk. One of the oldest cities in Belarus was founded in 974. Belorussian historian and architect Sapunov, the artists Chagall and Malevich worked here. The Monument to the heroes of the 1812 War. Memorial to the Soviet liberators, partisans and undergrounders. Historical centre - the monument of town planning of the XVI-XVIII centuries. The Kazan Church (1760), the Basilian Cloister (XVIII). Museums: regional history, Museum of Arts, the house of Mark Chagall; Internationalist Warriors; M. Shmyrev, the Hero of the Soviet Union, Viciebsk Motor Maintenance Works

Aziercy. Classicism style manor build by Zygmund Askerka in the first half of XIX century.

Alaski-Vialikija. I. Sikora, gardener and plant breeder, memorial museum.

Aliosca. Burial mound.

Arechaúna. One of the best dendrological gardens in Belarus . Founded by Lomako, famous arboriculturist. More than 500 species and varieties of woody plants.

Arechaúsk. Spasskaya Church , first half of the XIX century.

Asintorf. Ethnography museum.

Astraúskija. The bed of honour of Soviet soldiers, partisans and victims of fascism.

Asvieja. Palace and park ensemble.

Baraúliany Post station building (1843).

Biahoml'. Peoples Glory museum.

Biesankovicy. Palace and park ensemble (XVIII- XIX). Sviato-Ilijinskaya Church (1866-1870). History and local lore museum.

Babrujscyna. St. John Predtecha's Church.

Brazdziecvna. Iljinskaya Church (1913-1917).

Braslaú. Sviato-Uspenskaya Church (XIX); Nativity of Virgin Mary Church (XIX). History and local lore museum.

Bieskatava. Site of ancient settlement Popova Gora; burial mound.

Valyncy. Local lore museum.

Vierchniadzvinsk. Obelisk in commemoration of the War of 1812 year. Victims of fascism, burnt villages, liberators and compatriots memorial. History museum.

Vietryna. The place of birth of Anna Misuna, the first woman geologist.

Vidzy-Laúcynskija. Manor of XVIII-XIX centuries.

Vopytnaja. Manor of XIX century.

Vysokaje. St. Elias (Pokrov) Church (1913-1917).

Hiermanavicy. Culture and lore museum.

Hlybokaje. The birthplace of Sukhoy, aircraft designer (1895 - 1975). Berezvetch death camp were more than 27 thousand of Soviet and Italian prisoners of war were killed. Bogoroditsky Cathedral (XVII) (former church and monastery of Carmelites in 1639-1654); the Hollv Trinitv Church П 764-1782V The museum of history and ethnography.

Haradok. "Immortality" memorial region museum.

Hrysany. Post station building (XIX-XX).

Dalieckija. The archaeological monument - Stone Age settlement - is situated to the south-west of the village.

Dvor-Nizhalava. Manor of XIX century.

Dziadki. "Khodorovka" memorial complex in the plase where 600 of peaceful populace and 200 Italian soldiers were executed.

Dziedzina. Manor of 1810-1820.

Druja. Bernardine monastery (1643-1646). Monyment on the 1812 battle field.

Dubroúna. The monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union A. Nikandrova. The Bernardine monastery (XVII).

Dunilavicy. The Holy Trinity Church (1769-1773).

Zapollie. Memorial to the Viciebsk „Gates" - 40 km battlefront defended in 1942 by the partisans and Soviet soldiers.

Zacharnicy. Burial mound.

Zubava. The Soviet soldiers bed of honour.

Idolta. Manor and park complex.

Kamai. Stone cross (XV-XVI) the monument of history. John the Forerunner's Church (1603-1606) reconstructed in 1861.

Kamianpollie. Manor and park ensemble of the beginning of XVIII century.

Kachanavicy. The Khrapovitskyes' Estate. (I. Khrapovitsky, Belorussian folklorist, poet, public man).

Kliascicy. The heroes of the war of 1812 and the Great Patriotic War memorial.

Krynki. Memorial complex to the artillerists of the Great Patriotic War.

Kopys'. In Levky settlement in 1935 - 1941 lived Yanka Kupala - The Kupala Memorial Reserve, monument to the poet. Ancient settlement of the XI-XVII centuries.

Kuryna. The monument on the grave of M. Silnitsky (1921-1942), the first Hero of the Soviet Union among the partisans.

Liepiel'. History and local lore museum.

Liozna. The birthplace of Mark Chagall, artist (1887 -1985). War history museum.

Luzasna. Arable school building (second half of XIX). Holy Protection Church (end of XIX).

Lucaj. St. Tadeucz Church (1766-1776).

Maciusy. Monument to the compartions who died during the World War II. Burial mound.

Miory. Rest of the Virgin Mary Church (1907). Chersonese Park . The museum of history and ethnography.

Miezava. Manor and park complex (1901). St. Resurrection Church (1830).

Mosar. St. Ann 's Church (1792).

Navapolack. Place where soviet pilots died. Monuments: to the partisans' courier L. Kostetskaya; to the liberators; to the internationalists; on the place where the first tend of the builders of the city was set.

Novy Bolieck. Obelisk in the military cemetery in the memory of the Soviet soldiers and partisans. The monument to the undergrounders. Site of ancien settlement of the early iron age.

Оbal'. Оbal' Komsomol Underground museum.

Orsa. Monument of Constantine Zaslonov . "Katjusha" memorial complex. Iljinskaya Church , 1880; Baptism of Christ Monastery (1623). The City of Orsa history and culture museum; ethnography museum; museum of Constantine Zaslonov; museum of history of the Great Patriotic war; museum of the carver S. Shavrov.

Papieryna. "Proryv" memorial complex in comme­moration of breaking of the fascists' blockade by the partisans in May 1944.

Pastavy. Historical centre architectural ensemble (second half of XVIII). Palace and park complex of XVIII-XIX cc. St. Antony Church (1880-1887); St. Nicolas Church (1849). Local lore museum.

Plisa. Paraskeva Church (1887) the monument of pseudorussian style.

Polack. The most ancient city of Belarus (862). The birthplace of Euphrosyne of Polotsk (XIIth century), enlightener; Francisc Skoryna (about 1490-1551), first printer and enlightener; Simeon of Polotsk (1629-1680), Belorussian and Russian poet, play­wright, public man. Krasny Most ( Ped Bridge ) - the place of 1812 War battle. Monuments to: Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Francisc Skoryna, Simeon of Polotsk. The National Polack history and culture museum-reserve. Sofia Cathedral (XI-XVIII), Spaso-Euphrosyne Church (XII) at the Spaso-Euphrosyne convent, the house of Peter the Great (1692); Lutheran Church (1775), Jesuits' Collegium(XVIII-XIX), Sviato-Bogoyavlensky monastery (XVIII); the frag­ments of residential construction of XVII-XIX centuries.

Prazaroki. The monument on the grave of I. Buj-nitsky (1861-1917), the founder and director of the Belorussian professional theatre. The Ascension of the Holy Virgin Mary Church (early XIX). St. Peter and Paul Church (1909).

Pukanaúka. The place of the partisans camp. Burial mound.

Punisca. The birthplace of the famous partisan, the Hero of the Soviet Union M. Shmyrjev (Father Minay, 1891-1964).

Pucilkavicy. The birthplace of Piatrus Brovka (1905 -1980), peoples poet of Belarus , hero of the socialist labour. The house-museum.

Ramny. XIX century Church .

Rasony. Soviet partisans memorial. Manor of XIX- beginning of XX century. Sviato-Vozdvizhenskaya Church (1879). Comradeship-in-arms museum.

Ruba. The Zdravnevo manor of I. Repin. Tomb of the unknown soldier.

Rylienki. Memorial complex in the burial place of 10 thousand of the Soviet soldiers, who died in the Great Patriotic War.

Sakalisca. Monument to the hero of the War of 1812, General Kulnev (1763-1812). The bed of honour of the soldiers of the World War II.

Sianno. Museum of historical and local lore.

Sielisca. St. Veronika Church and Bernardine monastery (XVIII-XIX).

Smaliany. The ruins of the castle (XVII). The Holy Virgin Mary Church (1678-1680), Spaso-Preobrazhenskaya Church (second part of XVIII), Alexejevskaya Church (1864). Grave of Tomasz Zan (1796 - 1855), Polish romanticist poet.

Staraja Bielica. Manor of the second half of XIX century, where Yanka Kupala lived in 1903-1904.

Suraz. Memorial to the Shmyryev's children shot by the fascists in 1942.

Talacyn. Museum of historical and local lore.

Turoúlia. The bed of honour of the Soviet soldiers and partisans.

Udziela. Franciscan Church (1740).

Usacy. The partisans and Soviet soldiers bed of honour. The site of ancient settlement, burial mound. People Glory museum named after Lobanok, the Hero of the Soviet Union .

Fal'varak. Archaeological settlement of XVI-XVII centuries.

Chocina. The birthplace of the Major General M. Dovator, the Hero of the Soviet Union.

Ciealin. Liberators' bed of glory.

Casniki. Spaso-Preobrazhenskaya Church (1843-1845). History museum.

Sarkaúscyna. All Mourners' Joy Church (1891). I. Sikora, gardener and plant breeder, memorial museum. Sviato-Uspenskaya Church (1912).

Sumilinii. Museum of historical and local lore.

Sunieúka, former village burned by the fascists. Damnation to Fascism Memorial/